There are a variety of reasons why you’d want to copy your content from one Mac to another.
Maybe you simply want to transfer files. Or perhaps you got a new Mac and you’d like to transfer your user account from your old machine.
Luckily, in the latter case, Apple has a built-in system that allows for users to easily migrate user accounts from one Mac to another. It’s called Migration Assistant. Here’s how to use it.
Before You Start
Note: Migrating a user account using this method requires OS X Snow Leopard v10.6.8 or later. You’ll also want to make sure your old Mac has a computer name.
Completing the actual migration process is slightly different depending on which route you take. But for the purposes of this article, we’ll assume that you have both Macs next to each other.
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If you have macOS Sierra or later, simply place both Macs next to each other and make sure Wi-Fi is turned on. If either Mac is running OS X El Capitan, you’ll want to connect both Macs to the same Wi-Fi (or Ethernet) network.
You’ll also need to have the new Mac set up with at least one user to continue.
How to Use Migration Assistant
- Launch Migration Assistant on both Macs. It should be located in the Utilities folder of your Applications section.
- Click Continue on both Macs.
- On your new Mac, select From a Mac, Time Machine backup, or startup disk.
- Select Continue.
- On your old Mac, select the option to transfer information To a Mac.
- On your new Mac, you should see a list of “sources” — essentially, things that can be migrated from. Choose the Mac with the user account that you’d like to transfer.
At this point, you may see a security code appear on both screens. This is meant to mitigate the possibility of any bad actors intercepting your data. Simply make sure the code is the same on both Macs.
- On your new Mac, you should see a new list of transferable items appear. Simply select the items that you’d like to transfer over. Generally, you should everything checked unless there is another user you don’t want to migrate over.
- Click on Continue. At this point, the migration process will take place. Just wait it out — it could take some time.
- Once it’s all done, double-check to see if all of your data and settings are in order.
- Finally, make a full backup on your new Mac.
A Few Additional Considerations
Even though that’s the entire migration process, there are still a few additional things that are useful to keep in mind.
What if My Macs Can’t Be Next to Each Other?
If for, whatever reason, you can’t have both Mac computers next to each other with Wi-Fi turned on, there is an alternative that relies on Time Machine.
Basically, you’ll want to make a full backup to a Time Machine drive. Then, just take the drive with you to your new Mac and plug it in.
From there, you’ll use Migration Assistant. The steps above are identical except you don’t need to do anything on your old Mac.
When you are choosing a source to migrate from, you’ll select the specific backup on your Time Machine drive when it appears.
What About These Applications?
Applications can be migrated over as part of the Migration Assistant process, but you’ll want to be mindful of the licenses.
Like on iOS, the original user account that downloaded an app may “own” that app. This can be problematic if there are multiple Apple IDs on a single Mac.
Whenever you go to update the app on the new Mac, you’ll need to input the Apple ID and password of the original downloaded. If that’s you, it’s fine. But if it isn’t, there can be a problem.
Deleting User Account on Old Mac
But what if you’re giving your old Mac away, or simply setting it up as a “family” computer? In these cases, you’ll want to delete the user account that you migrated over.
Just make sure that you’re logged into an administrator account before proceeding.
- On your old Mac, open System Preferences.
- Click on Users & Groups.
- Click the lock in the lower-left corner and enter the password.
- Select the account that you migrated.
- Click the – icon at the bottom.
- You should see a new prompt pop up. Pick the option that makes the most sense to you (more on these below)
- Click on Delete User.
If you’re unsure about which deletion option to choose, here’s what you need to know about them.
- Save the home folder in a disk image deletes the user account and home directory, but saves the contents in a Deleted Users folder.
- Don’t change the home folder deletes user account information, but leaves user files intact.
- Delete the home folder deletes system information and files.
We hope that you found this article helpful. Please let us know if you have any questions using the comments below.